Mary

Uwar Allah

Image na Madonna da Child da Simone MartiniKatolika yi imani da cewa Mary ne marar zunubi Uwar Allah; cewa ta ya zama marar zunubi tun ganewa; zauna marar zunubi cikin rayuwa ta; da kuma, saboda, An zaci zuwa sama a lokacin da ta mutu.

Wannan mas'ala ta sinlessness ne sau da yawa a batun tattaunawa da shawarwari; duk da haka, shi yana da karfi sosai Nassi akai.

Maria fiat, samu a Luka, Chapter 1:28, da aka gudanar a matsayin daya daga cikin na farko Littafi Mai Tsarki ayoyi kamar dalilin da ya sa Katolika da kuma Orthodox Kiristoci tsõron ta. (Note, akwai wata babbar bambanci tsakanin girmamawa da kuma bauta; bauta ta tanada Allah, kadai. Mary wani mutum, amma sosai daban-daban daga gare ku, ko da mu.)

Much of the dispute about Mary involves the Angel Gabriel’s annunciation to her, musamman da shawarwari shafi fassarar kalma, kecharitomene, found in early Greek bibles.

Katolika yi imani da cewa “kecharitomene” An daidai fassara a matsayin “Full of Grace,” whereas others translate it as “Ƙanƙara sosai falala a kansu daya,” kuma ka ce kome ba game da falalar, wanda yana da daidai ma'anar, Ina nufin, marar zunubi ko musamman m.

Ganin Katolika fassarar, the question becomes a lokacin da bai Mary zama free daga zunubi?

Mala'ikan kalmomin zuwa Mary bai ce ka zai zama full of Grace but you su nefull of Grace.” Nufin wannan, cewa, riga, a lokacin Gabriel ta bayyanar da ita, ta kasance cike da alheri, ko ba ya nan daga zunubi. Ta hanyar deductive tattaunawa, za mu iya cewa ta kasance marar zunubi daga ganewa, ergo her M ganewa.

Mary da New Hauwa'u

The Church kuma reveres Mary matsayin New Hauwa'u, aminci helpmate na New Adam (ga Saint Bulus Na farko Wasika ga Korantiyawa 15:21-22, 45). Kamar yadda Hauwa'u ta kafirci kawo game da fall daga alheri, Mary amincin a Gaske Shelar–, Ina nufin, sai a yi mini–(Luka 1:38) kawo game da maido.

Ta kawai mutum ya kai tsaye shiga tare da danta a Kubuta. Kamar yadda Annabi Irmiya ya rubuta, "Ka komo, Ya budurwa Isra'ila, koma can biranenku. Har yaushe za ku raunana, Ya ĩmãni ya? Gama Ubangiji ya halitta sabon abu a cikin ƙasa,: wata mace kare mutum " (Irmiya 31:21-22).1

Mary matsayin Ark (na New Wa'adi)

Madonna da Child da Simone MartiniA cikin Tsohon Alkawari, Allah da umarnin cewa a musamman Ark sanya daga m, ba mai sãkẽwa ba da kayayyakin da za a gina su safarar Dokoki Goma (ga Littafin Fitowa, 25:10). Wadannan Allunan kasance m saboda sun aka shãfe ta da Allah da kansa. Shi ba zai kasance ya dace, Saboda haka, a gare su za a kwashe a cikin wani talakawa ganga sanya daga ajizai kayan. Far m dace zai kasance domin Yesu, Dan Allah, da za a kafa da kuma dauki cikin mahaifar mai zunubi (ga Littafi Mai hikima 1:4 da kuma Letter na Ibraniyawa 7:26).

A kai tsaye a layi daya tsakanin Ark na Wa'adi da Mary aka samu a cikin account Dawuda jigilar jirgin Urushalima kuma ta ziyarar da Elizabeth. Dukansu asusun unsa ƙasar Yahuza: gani, misali da Na biyu Littafi mai Samuel 6:2 da kuma Luka 1:39.

A 6:14 a cikin tsohon account, David leaps domin farin ciki a matsayin jirgin shiga birnin, kuma a cikin na ƙarshen, jaririn a Elizabeth ta mahaifa leaps domin farin ciki a Virgin ta m (Luka 1:41). A babi na shida, aya tara, Dauda ya tambayi, "Ta yaya za a akwatin alkawarin Ubangiji ta zo gare ni?"

A farkon matakai na ta kansa ciki, Mary tafi zuwa ga ƙasar tuddai ta Yahuza don taimaka mata dan uwan ​​Saint Elizabeth, wanda shi ma tare da yaron.

The sauti na gaisuwar Maryamu sa Elizabeth ita da ba a haifa ba baby a cike da Ruhu Mai Tsarki da kuma ta exclaims, "Albarka tā tabbata gare ku a cikin mata, kuma mai albarka ne 'ya'yan itace na mahaifa!" (Luka 1:41-42). Wannan Saint Yahaya Maibaftisma ne "cike da Ruhu Mai Tsarki, ko da daga uwarsa " (Luka 1:15) tabbatar da yiwuwar, idan ba da alama, daga cikin m ganewa. Bayan duk, idan aka kasancẽwa ga John, wanda zai shirya Ubangiji hanyar, da za a tsarkake a cikin mahaifiyarsa ta mahaifar, kamata ba Mary, wanda zai kai, kula da, kuma tãyar da shi, sama guda ko ma mafi m?

Analogously, Elizabeth tambaya, "Me ya sa wannan yake da bã ni, har da uwar Ubangijina za ta zo gare ni?" (Luka 1:43). per da Na biyu Littafi mai Samuel (6:11), jirgin ya zauna a gidan Obed-edom har wata uku, da kuma a Luka 1:56, da Virgin zauna tare da Alisabatu watanni uku.

Haka kawai, wahayi ga Uwar karbar tuba nan da nan ya bi Saint Yahaya hangen nesa daga cikin jirgin na Wa'adi a Ruya ta Yohanna (gani 11:19-12:1).

  1. “Mary alone co-operat(ed) with the pre-arranged plan,” remarked Saint Irenaeus of Lyons in about 185 a cikin Da Heresies (3:21:7). The New-Eve tradition was taught throughout the ancient world from a very early date—in Rome and Asia Minor by Saint Justin the Martyr, in Gaul by Saint Irenaeus, in Northern Africa by Tertullian, and in Alexandria by Origen—proving it had been propagated by the Apostles themselves.

    Implicit in the New Eve teaching is the understanding that Mary possessed the purity of Eve before the Fall, that she had been spared Eve’s fault, or original sin. "Mary, is on the one hand, a replica of Eve in her purity and integrity before the Fall,” Ludwig Ott observed, “on the other hand, the antitype of Eve, in so far as Eve is the cause of corruption, and Mary the cause of salvation” (Muhimmai na Katolika akidarsu, TAN Books and Publishers, 1960, p. 201).