Don me Shin, firistoci celibate?

Shi ne kusan funny, amma Yesu 'lãbãri a kan aure ya sa wasu daga mabiyansa su gama shi ne mafi alhẽri a gare daya ba su yi aure. Yesu ya yarda da su a cikin bangaren, furcin:

"Ba dukan mutane za su iya samun wannan maganar, amma kawai zuwa ga waɗanda aka bai. Domin akwai babani suka kasance haka daga haihuwa, kuma akwai babani waɗanda aka yi babani da maza, kuma akwai babani da suka sanya kansu babani saboda Mulkin Sama. Ya wanda shi ne iya samun wannan, bari shi sama da shi. " (Matiyu 19:11-12)

Cewa celibate rai "da aka ba,"Kamar yadda Ubangiji ya sa shi, to musamman mutane yakan haifar da shi nasa ne da kira zuwa ga ma'aikata.

Manzo Bulus shawarar ƙin ɗaure aure, kazalika don wanda zai yarda da shi.

"Ina so cewa duk sun kasance a matsayin Ni kaina ne, ... Don da gwaurãye da gwauraye na ce cewa yana da kyau a gare su su zama guda kamar yadda na yi " (1 Kor. 7:7, 8). Ya kuwa ya ce, "Ina so ka zama free daga damuwansu. Da gwaurãye mutum ne m game da harkokin da Ubangiji, yadda za ta faranta wa Ubangiji; amma aure mutumin ne m game da duniyarsu, yadda za ta faranta wa matarsa, da zai amfane shi an rarraba su. " (7:32-34)

Ba wai kawai ba Paul amince da ƙin ɗaure aure, ya zahiri dauke da shi ya zama fin so zuwa aure ga wasu mutane. "Ya wanda ya amri ya da ita ya aikata da kyau,"Ya lura; "Kuma wanda ya dena aure zai yi kyau" (7:38; cf. 7:7, kawo sunayensu a sama).

Har ila yau a cikin ManzonSa haruffa muka sami tunani da Order of aya cikin.

Jeri wasu daga cikin jagororin ga kudin shiga ga oda, misali, Bulus ya rubuta a cikin Na farko Letter to Timoti:

"Karimci, ya tsarkaka matan da suke su ne hakikanin gwauraye… Ta wanda shi ne mai real bazawara, kuma aka bar duk kadai, ya kafa ta bege a kan Allah da kuma ci gaba a cikin addu'a da kuma addu'o'i dare da rana; alhãli kuwa ta wanda shi ne kai-indulgent ne ko da yayin da ta na zaune. umartarku da wannan, dõmin su zama ba tare da zargi" (5:3, 5-7; girmamawa kara da cewa)

Da shi shi ne wajibi na tsattsarka gwauraye, to,, to addu'a ci gaba, kazalika da rayuwa ascetic rayuka tare da sa dokokin. Bulus ya tafi a kan wa ce:

"Bari bazawara a rubuta, idan ta ne ba kasa da shekara sittin da haihuwa, tun kasance matar daya miji; 10 kuma dole ne sai ta kyau shaida ga ta ayyukan ƙwarai, kamar yadda wanda ya zo up yara, nuna liyãfa, wanke ƙafafun tsarkaka, Rudunar da shãfe, da kuma kishin da kanta ga yin mai kyau a cikin kowane hanya." (5:9-10; girmamawa kara da cewa)

Ƙofar shiga zuwa domin an dai da ta yi (v. 9) da kuma, Baya ga salla,, cikin matan da aka sa ran za su yi ayyukan da taƙawa (v. 10). A karshe, Paul ya tabbatar ba su lalle ne, haƙĩƙa kai alkawuransu na farjinta, rubuce-rubuce, "Amma ki shiga da ƙaramin gwauraye; domin a lokacin da suka girma wanton da Almasihu suka yi nufin su aure, kuma haka suka jawo wa kansu hukunci ga tun keta su na farko jingina " (5:11-12; girmamawa kara da cewa).

Wadannan celibate mata, sadaukar da rayukan salla da zakka, kafa na farko tsattsarka mace addini domin; wadannan su ne na farko nuns.

The Church ta sukar a kan wannan batun sau da yawa sun nuna cewa, aure maza da aka yarda su zama bishops da presbyters a Apostolic Church, da kuma cewa ko da Saint Peter yana da matarsa (ganin Bulus Na farko Letter to Timoti 3:2; ya Wasika zuwa ga Titus 1:6; da kuma Matiyu 8:14).1

The Church readily da sanin cewa m ƙin ɗaure aure ba ko da yaushe da mulki. ƙin ɗaure aure, a gaskiya, ba rukunan na Church, amma aura ce kawai horo; kuma kamar yadda irin wannan shi ya zauna bude canza-da za a hõre ko janye-domin su saukar da bukatun da lokaci.

Duk da haka, ko da yake ba tukuna m, da Apostolic Church a fili fĩfĩta ƙin ɗaure aure domin limaman (gani Matiyu 19:12 da kuma The First Letter zuwa ga Korantiyawa 7:32, 38).

Wannan Paul fĩfĩta bishops ya zama babu aure iya deduced daga shawararsa ga Timoti, cewa "babu soja [Almasihu] a kan sabis samun sarƙafewa a ciki, farar hula harkarsa, tun lokacin da ya nufa ne don gamsar da wanda soja kurum marar shi " (Bulus Na biyu Letter to Timoti 2:4 da The First Letter zuwa ga Korantiyawa 7:32-34).

Duk da cewa aure maza da aka shigar ga limaman a karni na fari, haka ma, babu aure maza da aka haramta auri zarar sun aka wajabta kuma widowed firistoci, su ne su sake yin aure.2 The Church ta m girmamawa ga addini ƙin ɗaure aure ne da-rubuce daga ta farko kwanaki gaba. Kusa da shekara 177, Alal misali, Kirista marubuci Athenagoras bayyana, "Za ka yi, Lalle ne, sami da yawa daga cikin mu, maza da mata, wanda sun girma zuwa tsufa babu aure, a cikin bege na kasancewa kusa da Allah " (A sakon Kiristoci 33).

Anti-Katolika sun ba'a Paul ta zargi wadanda "wanda hana aure" (Na farko Letter to Timoti 4:3) don kai farmaki da Church ta ra'ayi a kan ƙin ɗaure aure.

a zahirce, ko da yake, Paul aka Magana a nan da gnostics, da suka ga jiki duniya, ciki har da aure soyayya da ciki, kamar yadda inherently mugunta domin sun yi ĩmãni da shi da aka halitta da wani sharri Allah. Don Sabanin, cocin Katolika, nisa daga ake yi tsayayya da aure, esteems tsarki Matrimony a matsayin sacrament kuma a tsarkake jihar. Firistoci ba yashe aure, Saboda haka, domin suna zaton shi ne “bad,” amma domin sun san shi ne mai kyau da kuma so ya ba up wannan abu mai kyau a cikin wani ruhu na hadaya soyayya ga Allah.

Ƙin ɗaure aure "saboda na mulkin sama" (Matiyu 19:12) ne m ga Allah domin shi na nuna yadda da Saints a sama rayuwa (gani Matiyu 22:30).

a The Littafin Ru'ya ta Yohanna mun ga cewa Allah masu aminci firistoci, za a ba Maxaukakin Sarki da wani matsayi a Aljanna. "Shi ne wadannan,"Ya rubuta Saint John, "Wanda ya ba ƙazantar da kansu tare da mata, domin su ne masu kamun kai; shi ne wadannan da suka bi Ɗan Rago duk inda ya je; wadannan an fansa daga mutãne kamar 'ya'yan fari ga Allah da kuma Ɗan Rago, kuma a cikin bakinsu, babu ƙarya da aka samu, domin su ne m " (14:4-5).

  1. Mun san Bitrus ya aure saboda Bishara labarin na warkar da shi da uwa tasa, surukin (gani Mark 1:29-31, et al.). Yana da muhimmanci a lura, duk da haka, cewa matarsa ​​ba a ambace shi a cikin labarin, manyan wasu malamai a kammala ta suka halaka kafin Peter shiga ma'aikata.
  2. Ya zauna da yi a cikin Eastern aikin waɗanda suka shiga cikin aikin firist a cikin aure jihar su zauna haka ba aure. Bugu da ƙari, yayin da keɓewa, shi ne bude wa aure maza a Gabas, su ne ineligible ga episcopacy. Eastern bishops aka zaba na musamman daga cikin sahu na celibate sufaye. Haka kawai, shi ne ba gaba ɗaya abar ƙyãma na ga wani firist a Latin shagulgulan da za a yi aure. A kananan yawan tsohon Lutheran da Anglican ministocin, wanda aka yi aure kafin sulhu tare da Katolika Faith, an bã musamman da tafasar da tukunyar su bauta a matsayin firistoci.